THE PERUVIAN AMAZON JUNGLE

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TALLER ESPECIALIZADO PARA MEJORAR LISTENING INGLES / ENGLISH LISTENING WORKSHOP – NOV 23

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Aqui nuestro post sobre el Taller Especializado en LISTENING EN INGLES, en total fueron 3 sesiones de Octubre a Noviembre, los cuales fueron todo un exito. Pudimos tocar puntos como:

  • Comunes dificultades que participantes encontraron muy similares cuando no pueden entender a extranjeros u otras personas en inglés, especialmente cuando viajan, visitas de negocios, trabajo, teleconferencias, en trabajo.
  • Como la correcta pronunciacion puede influir en tu habilidad para entender listening.
  • Diferencia entre Hearing &  Listening – Active & Effective Listening.
  • Distractors comunes que impiden que tengamos un Effective Listening.
  • Como habitos y costumbres de nuestra cultura Peruana afectan la manera de comprender y entender Listening en Ingles
  • Consejos, ejercicios, juegos, tips para desarrollar durante la semana hasta nuestra proxima sesion.

Aquí parte de la separata que recibieron nuestros participantes en esta primera sesión con temas muy interesantes.

“The most basic and powerful way to connect to another person is to listen.  Just listen.  Perhaps the most important thing we ever give each other is our attention.” by Rachel

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Listening is Not the Same as Hearing

Hearing refers to the sounds that you hear, whereas Listening requires more than that: it requires focus. Listening means paying attention not only to the story, but how it is told, the use of language and voice, and how the other person uses his or her body. In other words, it means being aware of both verbal and non-verbal messages. Your ability to listen effectively depends on the degree to which you perceive and understand these messages

Listening is Not the same as Speaking

Listening is the step of speaking without listening you cannot Speak but with great listening you can speak better. Listeningis getting information on a receiving end, while Speaking is exposing information on a giving end. If you are Listening, your mouth is shut, if you are Speaking, it is moving with words coming out. Adults spend an average of 70% of their time engaged in some sort of communication, of this an average of 45% is spent listening compared to 30% speaking, 16% reading and 9% writing. (Adler, R. et al. 2001).

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COMMON EFFECTIVE LISTENING BARRIERS

It is common, when listening to someone else speak, to be formulating a reply whilst the other person is still talking. However, this means that we are not really listening to all that is being said. Even good listeners are often guilty of critically evaluating what is being said before fully understanding the message that the speaker is trying to communicate.  The result is that assumptions are made and conclusions reached about the speaker’s meaning that might be inaccurate.

  1. Trying to listen to more than one conversation at a time, this includes having the television or radio on while attempting to listen to somebody talk; being on the phone to one person and talking to another person in the same room and also being distracted by some dominant noise in the immediate environment.
  2. You find the communicator attractive/unattractive and you pay more attention to how you feel about the communicator and their physical appearance than to what they are saying. Perhaps you simply don’t like the speaker – you may mentally argue with the speaker and be fast to criticize, either verbally or in your head.
  3. You are not interested in the topic/issue being discussed and become bored.
  4. Not focusing and being easily distracted, fiddling with your hair, fingers, a pen etc. or gazing out of the window or focusing on objects other than the speaker.
  5. Feeling unwell or tired, hungry, thirsty or needing to use the toilet.
  6. Identifying rather than empathizing, understanding what you are hearing but not putting yourself in the shoes of the speaker. As most of us have a lot of internal self-dialogue we spend a lot of time listening to our own thoughts and feelings – it can be difficult to switch the focus from ‘I’ or ‘me’ to ‘them’ or ‘you’. Effective listening involves opening your mind to the views of others and attempting to feel empathetic.
  7. Sympathizing rather than empathizing, sympathy is not the same as empathy, you sympathize when you feel sorry for the experiences of another, to empathize is to put yourself in the position of the other person.
  8. You are prejudiced or biased by race, gender, age, religion, accent, and/or past experiences.
  9. You have preconceived ideas or bias. Effective listening includes being open-minded to the ideas and opinions of others, this does not mean you have to agree but should listen and attempt to understand.
  10. You make judgments, thinking, for example that a person is not very bright or is under-qualified so there is no point listening to what they have to say.

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MAIN MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT LISTENING

It’s Difficult to Learn How to Listen = We all learn to listen from an early age. How well we listen depends on the circumstances of the communication, our motivation to listen and our personalities. Listening becomes so natural that we can develop bad habits and become blasé about the process. The skills needed for effective listening are not difficult to learn – the key to developing your listening skills is practice and consistently applying good listening skills across all communication situations.  It is worth the effort to learn and practice how to listen.

I’m a Good Listener = Generally people overestimate their own listening abilities and underestimate the listening abilities of others. In other words, we tend to think that we are better listeners than other people. This means that other people tend to think that they are better listeners than you. Effective listening can only be measured by the understanding that you gain – this will inevitably vary for different situations and for different people. Good listening is not a skill that we are born with; it is not a natural gift. Without practice and training we are unlikely to be particularly effective listeners.

Intelligent People are Better Listeners = There is no link between traditional measures of cognitive ability, intelligence – (IQ), and how well we listen. Although being bright and having a good vocabulary may make it easier to process information and gain understanding, these qualities do not necessarily make clever people better listeners.  For example, very intelligent people may be more likely to get bored with a conversation and ‘tune out’, thinking about other things and therefore not listening.

Gender Affects Listening Ability = Generally, and without trying to stereotype, men and women value communication differently.  Women tend to place a higher value on connection, cooperation and emotional messages, whereas men are generally more concerned with facts and may be uncomfortable talking about and listening to personal or emotional subjects. This doesn’t mean that women are better listeners than men, or vice-versa, but that there may be differences in the ways in which messages are interpreted.  During a conversation men and women are likely to ask different types of questions of the speaker to clarify the message – their final interpretation of the conversation may, therefore, be different.

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EFFECTIVE LISTENING AND SIGNS

Effective listening requires concentration and the use of your other senses – not just hearing the words spoken. Listening is not the same as hearing and in order to listen effectively you need to use more than just your ears. A good listener will listen not only to what is being said, but also to what is left unsaid or only partially said. Effective listening involves observing body language and noticing inconsistencies between verbal and non-verbal messages. For example, if someone tells you that they are happy with their life but through gritted teeth or with tears filling their eyes, you should consider that the verbal and non-verbal messages are in conflict, they maybe don’t mean what they say.

1. Stop Talking = “If we were supposed to talk more than we listen, we would have two tongues and one ear.” Mark Twain. Don’t talk, listen.  When somebody else is talking listen to what they are saying, do not interrupt, talk over them or finish their sentences for them.  Stop, just listen.  When the other person has finished talking you may need to clarify to ensure you have received their message accurately.

2. Prepare Yourself to Listen = Relax.  Focus on the speaker.  Put other things out of mind.  The human mind is easily distracted by other thoughts – what’s for lunch, what time do I need to leave to catch my train, is it going to rain – try to put other thoughts out of mind and concentrate on the messages that are being communicated.

3. Put the Speaker at Ease = Help the speaker to feel free to speak.  Remember their needs and concerns.  Nod or use other gestures or words to encourage them to continue.  Maintain eye contact but don’t stare – show you are listening and understanding what is being said.

4. Remove Distractions = Focus on what is being said: don’t doodle, shuffle papers, look out the window, pick your fingernails or similar. Avoid unnecessary interruptions.  These behaviours disrupt the listening process and send messages to the speaker that you are bored or distracted.

5. Empathize = Try to understand the other person’s point of view.  Look at issues from their perspective.  Let go of preconceived ideas.  By having an open mind we can more fully empathise with the speaker.  If the speaker says something that you disagree with then wait and construct an argument to counter what is said but keep an open mind to the views and opinions of others.

6. Be Patient = A pause, even a long pause, does not necessarily mean that the speaker has finished.  Be patient and let the speaker continue in their own time, sometimes it takes time to formulate what to say and how to say it.  Never interrupt or finish a sentence for someone.

7. Avoid Personal Prejudice = Try to be impartial.  Don’t become irritated and don’t let the person’s habits or mannerisms distract you from what they are really saying.  Everybody has a different way of speaking – some people are for example more nervous or shy than others, some have regional accents or make excessive arm movements, some people like to pace whilst talking – others like to sit still.  Focus on what is being said and try to ignore styles of delivery.

8. Listen to the Tone = Volume and tone both add to what someone is saying.  A good speaker will use both volume and tone to their advantage to keep an audience attentive; everybody will use pitch, tone and volume of voice in certain situations – let these help you to understand the emphasis of what is being said.

9. Listen for Ideas = Not Just Words = You need to get the whole picture, not just isolated bits and pieces.  Maybe one of the most difficult aspects of listening is the ability to link together pieces of information to reveal the ideas of others.   With proper concentration, letting go of distractions, and focus this becomes easier.

10. Wait and Watch for Non-Verbal Communication = Gestures, facial expressions, and eye-movements can all be important.  We don’t just listen with our ears but also with our eyes – watch and pick up the additional information being transmitted via non-verbal communication.

Para aquellos interesados en mejorar su habilidad auditiva en ingles y frances, aun estan a tiempo de inscribirse y participar en las sesiones de Diciembre, especialmente durante este mes que siempre nos olvidamos de practicar idiomas por tantos compromisos. Aqui los detalles……….Webmaster

Taller Especializado para mejorar LISTENING en Ingles y Frances

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PRACTICA INGLES CON ONE TO ONE PERU JUNGLE & RAINFOREST 2011 NEWS UPDATE – 2011 NOTICIAS ACTUALES DE LA SELVA Y TROPICOS

OUR WORLD Rainforests are precious and we are losing them fast. 28 million acres of rainforest are destroyed annually. At this rate, in 49 years time there will be none left. Rainforests contain half the planet’s wildlife and represent home for many people. They create oxygen and absorb more carbon dioxide than the entire transport system produces, control global weather patterns and contain many ingredients for medicines.  Rainforests regulate the global ecosystem, without them we face the increasing occurrence of natural disasters and ultimately the extinction of life on earth.

                       

ASK AROUND IN YOUR CITY, LOOK FOR JOINING AN ENVIRONMENTAL GROUP, BECOME AWARE OF HOW MUCH THIS GOVERNMENT IS DESTROYING OUR OWN JUNGLE “THE PERUVIAN AMAZON”, SUPPORT NATIVE TRIBES GROUPS LIKE AGUARUNAS, CHIPIBOS, ACHANINCAS, ANECHAS, YAGUAS IN THEIR QUEST TO COME TO LIMA, PROTEST & BE HEARD ABOUT THIS DESTRUCTION WHICH IS TOUCHING THEIR OWN HOME NEIGHBORHOOD – You must understand that this issue affect us all, even a small city like LIMA AND A COUNTRY LIKE PERU…..DO SOMETHING NOW / HAZ ALGO HOY, COMIENZA POR TI MISMO!!….Aqui algunos ejemplos de actividades al favor del Medio Ambiente in 2011.

               

CHILE WON’T DEPORT ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVISTS – MAR 2011 

  The Chilean government decided not to deport two foreign environmental activists who were accused of meddling in Chilean environmental affairs.  Spanish activist Patricia Ballestero, 21, and the North American ecologist, Lee Pope, 36, were taken to the Supreme Court to argue their right to stay.  The two activists were said to have joined a protest staged by Mapuche Indians.  The protestors opposed the construction of a hydroelectric dam on the Bio-Bio River. Indigenous rights and the protection of the native environment were seen as two of the real issues in the decision.  Companies that are trying to cut down trees have run into trouble recently. The Mapuche Indians say that they planted the trees now being cut down back when they had title to the land.  As a result, they have taken over several forested areas, preventing loggers from cutting down the trees. Mininco, the timber company, said that it would prematurely chop down pine trees to avoid further difficulties with the Mapuches. The Mapuche chiefs demanded that the pine trees not be harvested early, that they receive title to land taken from them by former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, and that security guards working for the lumber companies be removed.

GREY WHALES STARVING – MAY 2011

 A researcher has said that a decreased food supply may be the cause of the recent increase in deaths among gray whales.  Over 65 whales have died on the Baja Peninsula in Mexico, and many more have washed up on beaches in California.  The whales died while traveling north to the Bering Strait in their annual migration.  They feed during the summer in the Bering Strait.  Some experts have cited pollutants in the ocean as the cause of the sudden increase in dead gray whales.  They say that pollutants such as cyanide are responsible.  Others blame a desalinization plant in Guerro Negro for killing the whales.  Bruce Mate, who is working on an Oregon Sea Grant said that the problem might be that the whales’ food supply is becoming limited.  Gray whales typically eat everything for the year while they are in the Bering Strait.  They do not eat during their migration, and only begin eating again once they have returned to Alaska. As a result, the whales go 3-5 months without additional food.  Mate says that it is possible that during the summers, the whales are not storing up enough food to last them throughout the winter while they are away from the north.  He cites changes in the food chain and possible major changes in the ecosystem as the cause of the whales’ decreased diet.  Every year, the gray whales must make a 12,000-mile migration from Alaska to the Baja Peninsula without eating.  The journey is the longest made by any marine mammal.

GUATEMALA CREATES BIOSPHERE NATURAL RESERVE – MAY 2011

  This month, 32 Guatemalan families in the village of Vega Larga will move to another location in the northern part of the country.  They are leaving so that their land can be used in an environmental reserve.  In 1990, the Guatemalan government created the Sierra de las Minas Biosphere Reserve, which now covers 2.2% of the country.  The reserve stretches from just east of Guatemala City out to the nation’s Caribbean coast.  Today, the reserve is the most important environmental location in the country, containing 70% of its biodiversity.  The families that are moving own farms in the cloud forest part of the reserve area.  The reserve has the largest cloud forest area in all of Central America.  Guatemala’s national symbol, the quetzal bird, lives in this area and other parts of the reserve. The reserve is managed by the conservation group Defensores de la Naturaleza (Defenders of Nature).  The group first contacted the families of Vega Larga in 1991.  At first, the families were reluctant to move, despite the generally poor living conditions in the area.  Working with other community members, Defenders of Nature eventually convinced the villagers that relocation would bring a better life. Now, the Defenders of Nature will plant native trees in the Sierra de las Minas Biosphere Reserve, finally restoring it to its natural condition.

Brazils rainforest destruction drops by 46% – APRIL 2011

 According to Brazils national institute of space studies, the annual rate of destruction of its rainforests have decreased by 46 percent. Many experts believe that this is partly due to increased police patrol. This is the lowest it has been in 21 years. The demand for soybean, beef, and timber has caused an increase of deforestation over the years. People have urged Brazil to cut back on the amount of loggers and ranchers using their land. This stat will give Brazil some arguing room at this years world climate summit.  Brazil states last year that it would reduce Amazon destruction by 50% in the next decade.  This destruction down fall has helped Brazil lower its green house gases by 15%. That’s basically the whole article. …..When this article caught my eye, I was very excited. To hear that the destruction on one of the most ecologically diverse places on earth has fallen by 46% is fantastic! It really irritates me to hear about all these lumber companies cutting down very important forests and not thinking twice about it.  So to hear that such a significant percent of deforestation of the rainforest has declined,  I was excited.  This is a big step in helping our earth and its ecosystems.

Did you know that four square miles of the rain forest houses over 2500 different species of plants and animals, most not even discovered yet!!….READ MORE AND LEAVE US YOUR VALUABLE COMMENTS HERE OR BY CLICKING IN THE FOLLOWING LINK:  www.onetooneperu.org